Nozadze (Нозадзе / ნოზაძე)

Family Nozadze

Map of Georgia pre-WWI

Map of Georgia pre-WWI (Click to enlarge)

Nozadze is a very common name in Georgia, a bit like Smith or Jones is in the UK.

I’ve very little to go on about my mother’s side of the family. There was a bit of information sent to me by my nephew years ago, I have a rather confusing biography written by my aunt about her father and practically nothing on the Internet about my grandfather’s ancestors to confirm the story.

So, I will relate everything I know and forget about taking it with a pinch of salt!  It has to be taken with a cup of salt until I can hire a researcher to find out facts about my maternal side of the family!

From what I know, David Nozadze, Joseph’s father, was a wealthy landowner but he also was a widower with 10 children when he met Evgeniya (Eva) Saginashvili. She came from a noble family, the Saginshvilis being part of the Georgian aristocracy pre-WWI/Revolution days.

SAGINOV (САГИНОВ) – Georgia Dynasts in Kakheti. List of Princes (in Kakheti): 24 July 1783. List of Princes (of Georgia): 6 Dec. 1850 and 24 June 1856; confirmations: 23 Sept. 1859. In Georgian: Saginashvili
[Source: hrabiowie – Polish Nobility 2001]

She was just a teenager, 16 years old, when she met David and fell in love. Her family completely disapproved of her choice of husband and threatened to disown her if she dared to marry him 😮 Evgeniya  didn’t care. She loved this man so she disobeyed her parents and eloped with David.

Perhaps the reason I couldn’t find anything about her when I researched the Saginashvili family on the internet was because her parents went through with their threat and deleted all mention of her!  :/

Again, taken from the biography which my aunt Jenny (born Evgeniya — named after Joseph’s mother) wrote, Evgeniya gave her husband NINETEEN more children and the 16th one was my grandfather! 😮

I guess parents in those days were worried that so many of their children would die due to diseases or accidents that they had to produce more kids to ensure the family line passes into the future safely but nineteen?! Good grief 🙁

My mother had a couple of little snippets she passed to me, one was about her grandmother being so fit and athletic that she could ride bareback on her horse in her 80s!  Certainly Georgian women from certain areas were/are renowned for this, as are their male counterparts.

In fact, horseback riders from Georgia were highly sought after to be part of a travelling show in the Wild West in the 1890s.

There were about 13 different areas of Georgia in pre-WWI days and one region called Guria, which is in the western part of Georgia, produced many talented riders.

«Gurians are very fast in speech, movement, and work… the adroitness and courage of these people is praised… Gurians are talented, quick and adroit, dexterous, they like to study and are brave in struggle», wrote the 18th century Georgian geographer and historian Vakhushti Bagrationi.
[Source: Gurian Horse-Riders in America]

The Gurian riders joined Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show in England in 1892 first of all and the next year they went to the States and performed there for 30 more years.

Although they were called «Russian Cossacks», they were all Georgians and dressed in their national outfit, which is called a «chokha» in Georgian.

The «chokha» is a calf-length, wool coat with bandoliers sewn across the breast and its tapered waist. Worn with it are high length leather boots and a belt with a long, embossed dagger called a «khanjali».

The other snippet was that Joseph Stalin, that terrible, terrible dictator who killed millions of Russians, used to play with her father on their estate when they were children in Gori  😮

I mean, why would my mother say that if it wasn’t true since I doubt very much that anyone would have liked to advertise the fact that they knew Stalin?  However, Stalin was born in 1878 and that made him 11 years older than Joseph.

I cannot see how they could have played together with such a great age difference so maybe mom meant that Stalin (or rather Ioseb,  as he would have been known in those days) played with the older children of the Nozadze family!

Gori fortress

Gori fortress (Click to enlarge)

Stalin was born as Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი, translated from Russian: Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) to a cobbler and a cleaning lady but there have been many runours swirling around about who Stalin’s real father was. One of the names put forward was Maurice Ephrussi, a Ukrainian-born Jewish banker who represented the French Rothschilds in the oil-rich Caucasus.

Through Joseph’s mother, Eva Saginashvili (by the way the suffix :«shvili» means «son» or «child» and the Russian version of their name was Saginoff), the Nozadze children were related to the Dadianis, another noble family.

List of Princes (of Mingrelia): 1867.

Author: Noble Katsia Chikovani (see that name), who became Sovereign Prince of Mingrelia on the abdication of Prince Levan III (see above), thus founding the 2nd House of Mingrelia under the title Dadian of Mingrelia. He was married to Levan III’s daughter Mzekhatun. Annexation of the Principality of Mingrelia by the Russian Empire, 1866. Russia*: (IU) 4 Jan. 1867 – title of Prince Dadian-Mingrel’skii with the qualification of Serene Highness for Andrei, brother of the last reigning prince, with the stipulation that all other descendants should simply bear the name and title of Prince Dadian and the qualification of Illustrious Highness. Variations: Dadiani (Дадиани)

Author: Vardan II Dadiani (Marushid-Vardanid dynasty), Duke of Bedia, Orbeti, Kaieni and Mingrelia (Odishi-Egrisi-Bedia), 1184/1213. King Levan III abdicated in favour of his son-in-law Katsia Chikovani (see Mingrel’skii). Levan’s son, Giorgi Dadiani emigrated to Russia in 1700 and his descendants were always qualified with the title of prince in all official acts. Russian Empire: (DS) 5 Sept. 1801, 23 Dec. 1850, and 24 Mar. 1859 [STRL]. According to TRRI: Arms (I): (IC) 23 June 1801 – entered among the “Russo-princely” families, which Liubimov considers the equivalent of being elevated to the dignity of prince of the Russian Empire. In Georgian: Dadiani
[Source: hrabiowie – Polish Nobility 2001]

Seeing three entries for Dadiani really gave me a headache. I don’t know if that means there were three different clans of Dadianis or if they are all the same people but with different connections to Russia.

Anyway, you’ll learn about Ucha Dadiani and the Saginaschvilis here.

1910 - View of Tbilisi from the Church of St David

1910 – View of Tbilisi from the Church of St David – Photo by SM Prokudin-Gorskii claims no credit for any images posted on the site, unless explicitly stated.

All copyright goes to their respective owners.